What is Biomedical Image Processing?

Biomedical Image Processing involves the acquisition and analysis of images in medicine and biotechnology, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), ultrasound, nuclear medicine, infrared sensor technology, and optical microscopy. These modalities generate a wealth of information that must be distilled, presented, and communicated in an efficient and timely manner. Statistical counting noise and systematic biases are always present and hinder the extraction of information from the signals. Challenges exist in image display and filtering, feature detection, pattern recognition, and in the interchange, manipulation, compression, short-term storage, and archiving of the images. Recent technical advances in this field include interchange standards such as DICOM, lossy and lossless compression standards, teleradiology, and Picture Archiving and Communication Systems (PACS). Another useful tool for the radiologist is Computer Aided Diagnosis (CAD) in which computer analysis provides the equivalent of a “second reader” of the image, pointing out regions of interest.

For Professors working in this area, refer to the Faculty list (Biomedical Image Processing)


BIOM 5200 (BMG 5105)
Biomedical Image Processing
Mathematical models of image formation based on the image modality and tissue properties. Linear models of image degradation and reconstruction. Inverse problems and regularization for image reconstruction. Image formation in Radiology, Computed Tomography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Nuclear Medicine, Ultrasound, Positron Emission Tomography, Electrical Impedance Tomography.

BIOM 5201 (BMG 5106)
Introduction to Medical Imaging Principles and Technology
Basic principles and technological implementation of x-ray, nuclear medicine, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and other imaging modalities used in medicine. Contrast, resolution, storage requirements for digital images. Applications outside medicine, future trends. Prerequisite: Permission of the Physics department.

BIOM 5202 (BMG 5107)
Applications in Biomedical Image Processing
Image processing methods applied to biomedical images. Overview of medical imaging modalities. Image enhancement, segmentation, registration and fusion. Image quality metrics. Image formats. Application examples.

BIOM 5203 (BMG 5108)
Advanced Topics in Biomedical Image Processing
Recent and advanced topics in the field of biomedical image processing and its related areas. Students are expected to contribute to seminars or present lectures on selected topics. Primary references are recent publications in the field.