| SCSC 2007
||START Conference Manager
A New Fault Location Method for Electric Power Grids
W. Mack Grady, Mehrdad Vatani and Ari Arapostathis
Summer Computer Simulation Conference 2007 (SCSC 2007)
San Diego, California (USA), July 15-18, 2007
Fault location in electric power grids has traditionally been achieved by measuring rms short-circuit current magnitudes on both ends of a faulted line, and then comparing simulations with these measurements. This paper presents a new fault location procedure based upon voltage-only measurements at a few busses in the system. The new procedure utilizes system impedance matrices and a least-squared error minimization technique to estimate the fault location. The estimation algorithm has been successfully tested with five actual faults to verify its validity. Three-phase and phase-to-ground faults are included in the analysis.